We have all heard the phrase "skin as smooth as a baby's bottom", but how many of us have considered the fact that baby skin is, in reality, 20% thinner than the one of an adult, and thus much more delicate and prone to damage.
Being as sensitive as it is, baby skin can exhibit multiple skin conditions, such as baby acne, atopic eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, etc. And a number one concern for every parent, especially a new one, is to learn to treat them if they occur.
Here's a tip. To treat accurately and actually try to prevent any of them from making an appearance, familiarizing and understanding baby skin types is critical. They are five - Dry, Normal Dry, Normal, Normal Sensitive, Sensitive - and they are not much different from the types common for adult skin. However, many parents find it hard to determine their baby's skin type. Here's how to tell the difference.
Dry skin is typical for infants, but it's not uncommon to remain as a state as the baby grows. It will usually flake, with rough patches emerging anywhere - hands, toes, tummy. Conditions that are caused by the dryness are atopic eczema and seborrhoeic dermatitis.
The right way to treat it and avoid eczema and dermatitis is to ensure it is moisturized well. Baby oils are most suitable because they reduce water evaporating from the skin.
Also, do not bathe your baby every day, and throw the sponges aside. Wipe him only with towels that are soft and of organic nature. If you see cracks starting to form, seek a professional advice.
Normal Dry skin is dry only on the surface, the skin underneath is perfectly healthy.
Source: Verywell Health
The top skin layer will still flake, but eczema and dermatitis are not likely to appear. Same rules apply, make sure you moisturize well and do not scrub on the rough patches.
Normal skin can still have flakes, but they are minor and do not cause any inconvenience for the baby.
Even though the skin appears healthy, applying natural oil and lotion daily is essential to keep its good condition.
Normal sensitive skin characterizes by a tendency to redden easily. It can respond to certain fabrics, especially synthetics, meteorological conditions, and various ingredients found in care products.
To prevent eczema flare-ups, avoid exposing your baby to the mentioned daily stresses.
Wet wipes are something you need to be very cautious about because they are probably one of your most-used item. Water-based wipes, such as WaterWipes and Pampers Sensitive, are the most appropriate option for a little one with normal to sensitive skin.
A baby with sensitive skin can react to many more daily stresses.
Redness can appear after a bath, after a massage with oil or lotion, and even after changing clothes. Common conditions for sensitive skin that have been triggered and inflamed are rashes, baby acne, milia, and erythema toxicum - all of those are mostly harmless if treated accordingly.
Source: FirstCry Parenting
The good news are that this sensitivity will evolve over time as skin matures and forms. Yet, before this happens, you need to fully address the needs of your baby's sensitive skin to avoid any complications. To do so, do not use fragranced detergents, shampoos, and lotions, use mild soaps and keep the diaper area dry.
Once you identify your baby's skin type and learn what triggers certain conditions, you might be able to deal with mild rashes and eczemas at home.
Likewise, keep in mind that seeing a pediatrician is never not a good idea. He will always be the one to give the most accurate information and best recommendations.
And remember, baby-proof detergents and skincare products that are of organic nature are a must!
It might sound obvious, but love your baby's skin as much as you love him. Create a healthy relationship between it and the outside world gently and with extra care.